In psychology, there is a phenomenon called the first effect, which points out that people's first impression of a person is very important. It's the same thing to live long and see more effects. The first effect points out that the first impression a person leaves will change their evaluation in the future. We all say that the first impression is very important in important occasions such as dating and dating, which is the same thing.
What is the primary effect
The first cause effect is the first impression we talk about in our daily life. Whenever you go on a date, a blind date, a wedding banquet or some important occasion, someone will remind you to dress well and leave a good impression on others. Because people are visual animals, the first sight and the first meeting determine the later influence. The first cause effect was first proposed by American psychologist lochins, also known as the first effect. Priority effect or first impression effect refers to the influence of the first impression formed by both sides of communication on the future communication relationship, that is, the effect brought by "preconceived". Although these first impressions are not always correct, they are the most distinctive and firm, and determine the process of future exchanges between the two sides.
If a person makes a good impression when they meet for the first time, then people are willing to be close to him, can get to know each other faster, and will affect people's interpretation of a series of behaviors and performances in the future. On the contrary, even if it is difficult to avoid contact with a person who causes the other person's antipathy when they meet for the first time for various reasons, people will also be very indifferent to it, and even in extreme cases, they will have a state of confrontation with it in psychological and practical behavior.
An example of the first cause effect
The first cause effect is a neutral word, or just a noun, which can help you get social recognition. At the same time, a psychologist has done an experiment: divide the subjects into two groups and look at a picture. To group A, this is a criminal who has been indoctrinated. To group B: This is a famous scientist. After reading, the subjects were asked to analyze their personality characteristics according to their appearance. As a result, group a said: his deep eyes were sinister, and his high forehead showed his determination to die.
Group B said: his deep eyes show his deep thinking, and his high forehead shows the will of scientists to explore. This experiment shows that the positive psychological stereotype formed by the first impression will make people more inclined to explore each other's meaningful qualities in subsequent understanding. If the first impression is a negative mental set, it will make people tend to expose the disgusting part of the object in the subsequent understanding.
Cause of first cause effect
The first cause effect refers to the effect of the first input information of "first impression" on the later cognition of the object in the process of social cognition. There are different explanations for the effect of information input sequence.
One explanation is that the first impression formed by the first received information constitutes the core knowledge or memory schema in the brain. The later input information is only integrated into the memory schema, that is, it is an assimilation mode, and the subsequent information is assimilated into the memory structure formed by the first input information, so the subsequent new information also has the attribute trace of the previous information.
Another explanation is based on the principle of attention mechanism, which holds that the first received information gets more attention without any interference, and the information processing is fine; the subsequent information is easy to be ignored, and the information processing is rough.
How to overcome the first cause effect
Maybe the first cause effect is not as good as you think, because with the first impression, we often ignore the internal, leading to a lot of incomplete views and evaluations. The influence of the first cause effect can be controlled to a certain extent. The first cause effect is related to the individual's social experience and the richness of social experience. If the individual's social experience is rich, social experience is profound, and social knowledge is substantial, the effect of the first cause effect will be kept to a minimum.
In addition, through learning, we can understand the first cause effect on a rational level, and make clear that the evaluation of the first cause effect is generally only based on some superficial non essential characteristics of the object. This evaluation should be constantly revised and improved in the future further communication cognition. In other words, the first impression is not unchangeable, not unchangeable. Confucius said, "I started from people, and I believe in what they say and what they do; now I am also in people, and I observe what they say and what they do." That is the most classic explanation of this change.
Experimental psychological research shows that the order in which external information is input into the brain can not be ignored in determining the cognitive effect. The first information is the most important, and the last information is also the most important. This characteristic of brain processing information is the internal cause of the formation of the first cause effect. The first cause effect is essentially a priority effect. When different information is combined, people always tend to pay attention to the information in front.
Even if people attach equal importance to the latter information, they will think that the latter information is non essential and accidental. People are used to interpreting the latter information according to the former information. Even if the latter information is inconsistent with the former information, they will succumb to the former information to form an overall consistent impression. When different information is combined, people always tend to pay attention to the previous information.